Maybe you often think that the monarchy system is no longer enforced in Indonesia. However, apparently there is still a list of monarchies in Indonesia, you know. These kingdoms developed rapidly from then until now. Really awesome right?
Apparently, reported from the site liputan6.com, there are about 186 traditional kingdoms that still exist in Indonesia. These kingdoms were taken from the results of the Ministry of Interior’s research several years ago.
Now, although these kingdoms still exist, these kingdoms are no longer in power because they have united their power with the Republic of Indonesia.
Intrigued by the list of monarchies in Indonesia? Now, let us see. Hopefully this article can help your understanding.
Ngayogyakarta Hadiningrat Sultanate
One of the list of monarchies in Indonesia is Ngayogyakarta Hadiningrat Sultanate. This kingdom has sovereignty and state government power which has a system of regulation and execution of the agreement made by the Netherlands with the Ngayogyakarta Hadiningrat Sultanate.
However, after the Republic of Indonesia officially formed a unitary state, the Ngayogyakarta Hadiningrat Sultanate was also demoted to the Special Region of Yogyakarta. This sultanate is one of things only you can find in Jogja.
Apparently, naming Yogyakarta is not arbitrary by chance, you know. Yogyakarta is actually an adaptation of the word Yodyakarta, which apparently comes from the words “Ayodya” and also “Karta”. Remember the Ayodya Pala dance studio derived from the Ramayana story? Well, that’s where the meaning of the word Ayodya is taken.
Meanwhile, the word karta is taken because it has the meaning of the word peace. Yes, this fact is one of interesting facts about Yogyakarta. Until now, Yogyakarta even is admitted as the pioneer of revival of history of batik Yogyakarta.
The Special Region of Yogyakarta first operated with the ratification of their authority during the Giyanti Agreement, on February 13, 1755.
This Giyanti Agreement was an agreement made between Prince Mangkubumi and the VOC under Governor General Jacob Mossel. The result of the agreement requires that the Kingdom of Mataram be divided into two.
The kingdom of Mataram which was divided into two parts was controlled by Prince Mangkubumi and Sunan Pakubuwana III. Prince Mangkubumi has the title Sultan Hamengkubuwana I and has power over half of the kingdom of Mataram. Meanwhile, Sunan Pakubuwana III has power over the Surakarta Sunanate. Wow, how interesting!
The next list of monarchies in Indonesia is the Cirebon Sultanate. Surely you often hear about the Sultanate of Cirebon, right? Yep, Cirebon Sultanate is one of the famous Islamic sultanates in the province of West Java in the past dozen centuries, around the 15th and 16th centuries AD. Amazingly, the Sultanate of Cirebon has become an important area in the center of trade routes and inter-island shipping.
The Sultanate of Cirebon can be found on the north coast of Java, precisely in the border areas of Central Java and West Java. The Cirebon Sultanate also succeeded in becoming a port and intermediary between Javanese and Sundanese culture.
This can help create a special culture, where Cirebon culture is not dominant towards Javanese or Sundanese culture. Amazingly, this sultanate entered list Islamic heritage in Indonesia.
Next, let’s get acquainted with Surakarta Hadiningrat Sunanate. Brothers with the Sultanate of Yogyakarta Hadiningrat, the Surakarta Sunanate stands for the ratification of the Giyanti Agreement which was signed on February 13 in 1755. Although the Surakarta Sunanate was born from the Sultanate of Mataram, the Surakarta Sunanate is not considered as his successor.
Surakarta Sunanate still stands as its own kingdom. The Difference between Surakarta Sunanate and Yogyakarta Sultanate is that the ruling king in Surakarta Sunanate has the title of sunan, while the Yogyakarta Sultanate has the title sultan. And amazingly, this palace is one of beautiful royal palaces in Indonesia.
As time went on, the area of Surakarta Sunanate gradually diminished. This is due to the creation of the Salatiga Treaty on March 17, 1757, which finally led to Raden Mas Said being recognized as an independent prince with duchy status. Raden Mas Said is also called by the name of Praja Mangkunegara.
Raden Mas Said as the ruler finally had the title of Duke of Mangkunegara. During his reign, apparently the Surakarta region gradually diminished considerably after the Diponegoro War broke out in 1830. At this time, foreign territories were decided to be handed over to the Dutch as compensation for the costs of war.
The Sultanate of Ternate
Ever heard of the Sultanate of Ternate? Yep, the Sultanate of Ternate has another name for the Kingdom of Gapi. The Sultanate of Ternate is one of the Islamic empires in the Maluku Islands, which belongs to the oldest Islamic kingdom in the archipelago.
The Sultanate of Ternate has a great founder named Baab Mashur Malamo. He founded the Sultanate of Ternate in 1257. The Sultanate of Ternate in the 13th century until the 19th century had an important role in the eastern archipelago.
In the past, the Sultanate of Ternate had a heyday in the mid-16th century, which was obtained from the successful trade of spices and military power. Cool again, during its glorious golden period, the Sultanate of Ternate has a territory that includes the Moluccas, northern, eastern and central Sulawesi, the southern part of the Philippine islands as far as the Marshall Islands in the Pacific. So cool!
So, that’s all about list of Indonesian monarchies. They have historical values and so many nice memories, don’t they?