In social life, there is social interaction between groups or individuals. Of course there are dynamics of relationships that can become harmonious or conflicting. Harmonious relationships in society are definitely an ideal condition desired by humans. But in the dynamics of interaction, of course there is the possibility of leading to conflict.
Conflict is any social problem that arises from conflict in the life of the community or state. This is due to differences in opinions or views, due to a lack of tolerance and a sense of mutual understanding of individual needs in the community. Read also Reasons why Indonesia is the happiest country.
For more details, here’s 13 Causes of Conflict in Indonesia :
1. Differences between individuals
Humans are unique and special creatures. Because every human being has different feelings, there is no standard similarity between one human and another human. This difference in justice is one of the triggers of social conflict.
Because in undergoing social interaction in the community, it is impossible for someone to always be in line with other people or groups. If this difference is not immediately mediated, it will cause conflict between individuals and groups.
2. Cultural Differences
In heterogeneous societies, individuals who have cultural differences are mixed. Each of these individuals is raised in different cultural groups. This cultural difference affects the individual’s thought patterns and behavior in society.
Even in the same community groups, there is a possibility that cultural differences will occur, because the cultural environment of the families that raise them is different.
It takes mutual understanding of each culture so that it does not become a cultural conflict. Because it is not impossible that cultural differences have conflicting things. An example in this case is cultural differences when advising their children on Batak and Javanese culture.
In Javanese culture, when children are advised by their parents the child should bow down, and it will be considered very impolite to look directly into the eyes of parents who advise. Whereas in the Batak culture, the child is considered irreverent when not looking directly into the eye when advised.
3. Conflict of Interest
Many clashes of interests occurred in the fields of economics, politics, and so on. This is because each person has different needs and interests in seeing or doing something. Likewise with a group that will also have different needs and interests of other groups.
An example in this case is the policy of sending a winner of Putri Indonesia to participate in the Miss Universe contest.
In this case the government considers the shipment to be an interest in promoting tourism and culture. On the other hand, the religion rejects the participation of Putri Indonesia in the Miss Universe event because it is not in accordance with eastern norms because there are regulations that require taking pictures with a swimsuit or bikini.
4. Social Change that is Too Fast in Society
Massive social change in society will cause clashes because not everyone is ready for change. Someone certainly needs adaptation to change, and the adaptation period of each person is different. And there are even people who are not ready for change, or even don’t want it. This social change makes a shock in social processes in society.
The increase in fuel prices includes changes that are so fast. Many people are not ready and then cause resistance to these changes. You may see also social taboos in Indonesia.
5. Competition in society
Each individual or group tries to make a profit through several aspects of life, which at a certain time becomes the public’s attention. The way to make a profit is to attract attention or sharpen existing prejudices without using threats or violence.
Competition can be grouped into two types, namely personal and non-personal competition or groups. Personal and group competition results in several forms of competition, including competition in the fields of economy, culture, position and role, and race competition.
6. Competition in the field of culture
This party is a struggle for territory by two cultures to gain influence over the region. This competition can occur as when there is a culture of immigrants who want their culture to be accepted and even used by the culture that they are visiting. But not all indigenous people want to use the new culture because it could be considered threatening their native culture.
7. Position and role competition
Some people want themselves to be recognized and have a prominent position and role. Because many want to be superior, there is competition. Read also life style in Bali.
8. Race Competition
At this time there are still individuals or groups who consider their race to be better and superior to other races. This racist behavior tends to underestimate other races and this clearly causes conflict in society.
9. Competition in resource use
Modern human needs are increasing and there are almost no limits. While the natural resources needed to meet human needs are very limited. Every day, humans need fuel for their transportation, for electricity, rocks and wood for housing, and so on.
While the renewal of natural resources requires a very long time, not comparable to the increasing demand of society. As a result the groups or individuals who are interested in competing to be able to master profitable resources. In this mastery process, it is not uncommon to become a conflict in society.
10. Difference in purpose of units
In a society, there is usually a Community Organization that functions to increase community participation and empowerment to achieve the goal of the Republic of Indonesia based on Pancasila.
In an organization or community group, in its structure there are units that have their respective rights, duties and responsibilities.
Not infrequently, units have different goals and interests. This difference in objectives triggered a split in the structure of this community organization, which also has the potential to spread to community conflicts.
11. Difference in value and perception
Each individual has a subjective appraisal of a matter. Especially if treated differently by a person, humans will have an active perception because they will feel unfairly imposed. Even though justice is not something that must be equally.
A small example in a family environment is. A brother who was sent to the eighth grade of junior high school was given 20,000 snacks a day. And the younger brother who was in third grade elementary school was given 5,000 pocket money every day.
The younger brother felt he was treated unfairly because he got lower allowance than his brother. Even though the needs of the brother and this are different.
12. Communication barriers
All the differences above can be muted with good communication. Good communication can provide a middle ground for all these differences and can understand each other as to what essential truth is.
If communication between disputing parties is not good, then there will be no middle ground for the problem. It is not impossible that conflict will occur. You may read also eating habits in Indonesia.
13. Because of social media
Social conflicts expressed on Facebook are ideological differences. The ideology in question is political and cultural ideology.
Those who believe that the Indonesian nation is a religious nation will support posts that promote the role of religion in strengthening Indonesian solidarity and identity. Whereas those who are secular and liberal support an opinion that religion is potentially politicized, causing conflict.