Indonesia has so many mammals that are mostly endangered from time to time. There can be so many factors that caused those mammals to become extinct. Deforestation, the changing functions of the forest to palm tree land, human interventions, and many more can be some of the causes.
The Indonesian government, by the ministry of environment and forestry, is already aware of the issues. Moreover, based on the IUCN list for the last update in 2021, Indonesia has so many endangered mammals that should be protected or else they will be extinct within no time.
Speaking of endangered mammals in Indonesia, here we have some of them below. Let’s check them out!
1. Sumatran Tiger
The Sumatran tiger becomes one of the most endangered mammals in Indonesia. The beauty of their skin becomes the most wanted thing for some illegal hunter. Some of them make it for fashion and art, which has a higher price in the market.
Sumatran tiger has a unique color of skin by the combination of black and orange with a brown shadow. That makes the fashion industry look for their skin the most for art needs. Moreover, their fangs commonly have a high price for artistic needs.
The Indonesian government already banned whoever illegally hunting the Sumatran tiger in the forest as one of the facts about Sumatran rain forest that not safe anymore for them. Even so, deforestation also makes their habitat decrease drastically. That makes their life mostly endangered from time to time.
2. Sumatran Elephant
The Sumatran elephant becomes one of the most endangered animals in Indonesia. They live around Sumatra islands which have a smaller body compared to another common elephant in Asia.
Sumatran elephant has smaller ivory compared to African and Asian elephant. Even so, their ivory becomes one of the most hunted things for illegal hunters. That is why this kind of mammal should be protected.
Nowadays, the population of Sumatran elephants decreased drastically from time to time. Their existence is mostly endangered in Indonesia.
3. Lowland Anoa
Lowland Anoa becomes one of the most endangered mammals in Indonesia as the part of unusual animals in Indonesia. They have black skin and a small thorn that has a round pattern that is similar to a ring. Most of them live around the Sulawesi islands and Buton islands.
Lowland Anoa looks similar to buffalo but has a smaller size of the body. They eat green leaves and becomes one of the mammals that live around lowland area. Most of their population becomes rarely found nowadays and can be extinct within no time.
4. Javan Lutung
Javan Lutung becomes one of the most endangered mammals in Indonesia that should be protected. Their existence becomes rarely found in most Javanese beautiful forests in Indonesia lately. Even though they spread in most Javanese forests, but their existence is endangered.
There is a specific type of Javan Lutung that lives around East Java, Bali, and West Java. East Javan lutung commonly has a darker skin compared with the Bali Lutung and West Java Lutung that has lighter skin.
5. Bawean Deer
Bawean Deer becomes one of the most endangered mammals in Indonesia. They live around the Bawean island and have about 50 cm of thorn that beautifully stand around their head.
Bawean Deer commonly becomes the most wanted animal that hunts illegally for their thorn. For some artistic collections, their thorn becomes the most commodity for sale. That is why this type of mammal is protected by the Indonesian government.
6. Javan Rhinoceros
Javan rhinoceros becomes one of the most endangered mammals in Indonesia. They have pleated skin with a thicker size that looks similar to steel if you at them from far away.
Javan rhinoceros becomes the legend mammals in Indonesia with their unique single thorn. They are covered with grey dark skin and live around the Ujung Kulon national park, Banten.
Nowadays, the population of Javan rhinoceros is only left about 60, which can be extinct within no time. Their birth regulation seems hard to find faster, so the Indonesian government protects them so much.
7. Sumatran Rhinoceros
Sumatran rhinoceros becomes one of the most endangered mammals in Indonesia. Their population nowadays only left around 80 which makes them can be extinct within no time.
Sumatran rhinoceros live around Sumatra Island with their typical two thorns standing perfectly at their head. They have lighter skin compared to Javan rhinoceros that have darker skin.
Sumatran rhinoceros becomes the smallest type of rhinoceros all around the world. Even so, they have similar pleated skin, just like other rhinoceros. Their thorn becomes the most commodity sale for illegal hunters so that the government protected them so much.
8. Javan Leopard
Javan leopard becomes one of the most endangered mammals in Indonesia. They have a beautiful skin color that makes the fashion industry love them so much. For that reason, their skin becomes the most commodity sale for the illegal hunter.
Javan leopard is protected by the Indonesian government from any illegal hunter. Most of them live around the Ujung Kulon national park and Baluran national park in East Java. Their population becomes critically endangered since around 2007 as one of the effects of illegal logging in Indonesia.
Javan leopard becomes the identical animals from West Java. That is because most of them live around Ujung Kulon national park that located in West Java.
So, there are some of the most endangered mammals in Indonesia that should be protected. Their existence is rarely found from time to time which makes them extinct within no time. Are you ready to be a part of the ranger team to protect those mammals in Indonesia?