It’s not a secret anymore that Indonesia does have a lot of historical heritage. You can find these historical relics in physical and non-physical forms. Relics of physical history are usually in the form of temples, statues, ancient objects, artifacts, and so forth. For instance, Bojong Menje Temple, historical temple in West Java.
Meanwhile, non-physical historical relics can be found through the beauty of traditional dances, traditional ceremonies, and so on. Really, Indonesia is very rich in historical value. No wonder, there are several world heritage sites in Indonesia.
Historical objects are usually not allowed to be left to decay. These objects must be kept in a special room where the temperature is suitable and protected from rodents.
Therefore, historical sites are needed to protect these prehistorical sites in Indonesia. Curious? Let’s look at the following article!
The most famous prehistoric heritage site in Indonesia is Sangiran. Remember when you were in elementary school? You must have known the name of this historic site in Indonesia since you were educated at the elementary school level. This place is one of well-known historical relics in Indonesia.
Sangiran itself is one of the historic sites located in Java, Indonesia. Based on a report from UNESCO in 1995, Sangiran has apparently been recognized by scientists as being one of the most important sites in the world for studying human fossils.
Sangiran is even aligned with the Zhoukoudian site located in China, Willandra Lakes in Australia, Olduvai Gorge in Tanzania, and Sterkfontein in South Africa. What boasts, Sangiran is touted as a site that can provide a better discovery than other sites.
Sangiran has an area of around 56 square kilometers, which is 7 kilometers long and 8 kilometers wide. You can find Sangiran precisely in the province of Central Java, which is about 15 kilometers north of Surakarta in the Bengawan Solo River valley.
The most important feature of this site is the regional geology. Initially, the dome was formed millions of years ago through tectonic rise. Over time, the dome was eroded, exposing the contents of the dome which is rich in archeological records. Wow, amazing right?
The next historical place in Indonesia that you usually find in Social Science books is Wajak. Wajak itself is one of the villages in Boyolangu Subdistrict, located in Tulungagung, East Java.
The historical site of Wajak is known for the discovery of an ancient archeologist named E. Dubois, which is a skull fossil from “Homo Wajakensis”.
However, apparently there are still many who do not know clearly the location of fossil discoveries from Homo Wajakensis. In fact, there are still many villagers around Wajak who do not yet know the history of the fossil discovery. Hm, sad isn’t it?
Not only the Wajak area, there are still many people around South Tulungagung who don’t know it yet. In fact, one hundred years ago their region became the center of world attention because paleontology developed there.
There is also a tertiary limestone rocky area, which turned out to have been a hunting ground for archaeologists to find the missing link about human origins.
In fact, there are manuscripts of Cultural Heritage Data objects that have been compiled by the Ministry of Education and Culture Tulungagung about ancient human discovery sites in Dukuh Nglempug, Desa Gamping. The area is only eight kilometers south of Wajak Village.
3. Gilimanuk Site
The next prehistoric site is the Gilimanuk Prehistoric Site. Just hearing the name, would have guessed isn’t this prehistoric site located on the Island of the Gods? Yep right. As the name suggests, the Gilimanuk pre-historic site is an ancient site that existed during the Gilimanuk legislation.
This pre-historic site is located not far from Gilimanuk Harbor, you know! Gilimanuk Port itself is located in Negara Regency, on the island of Bali. The first time, this prehistoric site was discovered in the 1960s.
The Gilimanuk Pre-historic Site has a fairly wide area, which is about four square kilometers. At this site, at that time found the framework in jars, beads, pottery, to bronze items.
Well, these items are items that were used by the people during the pre-history of Indonesia, which is around 2000 years ago. This period is the period of power of the Hindu-Buddhist kingdom.
This Gilimanuk Pre-historic Site will fascinate us with its very unique culture, which is a culture of burial. You apparently can find this burial culture in other ancient sites in Indonesia, you know. This burial culture by inserting the body into a jar. In the Pre Plawangan historical site, you can also find this burial culture.
4. Liang Bua
If you like to take a walk in eastern Indonesia, stop by for a moment to Liang Bua. Ever heard of Liang Bua?
Yep, Liang Bua itself is a prehistoric site in the form of settlement. You can find Liang Bua in Rampasasa Hamlet, Liang Bua Village, Ruteng Sub-district, Manggarai Regency, East Nusa Tenggara Province.
The origin of the language is from the Manggarai language. Based on the meaning of language, Liang has the meaning of the cave. Well, from here we can conclude that Liang Bua is a cave of relics from prehistoric times.
Liang Bua itself has a length of 50 meters, 40 meters wide and 25 meters high. In 1930, a number of archeologists began the excavation project, which was approximately during the Dutch colonial period. Until now, the project is still ongoing.
Do you know how old Liang Bua is? What is clear, apparently Liang Bua is 190,000 years old. Really cool! In ancient times, Liang Bua actually functioned for prehistoric human settlements.
The prehistoric period began from the Stone Age (Paleotikum), Middle Stone Age (Mesolitikum), Stone Age (Nesolitikum), until the Early Metal Age (Paleometallic). If now, Liang Bua has a shift in function, namely as a place of research by archaeologists, both coming from within the country and abroad.
One of the most interesting discoveries is an ancient skull obtained from Homo Floresiensis. This skull depicts a short human figure, 100 cm tall, and weighs 25 kilograms. It is estimated, this human lived in 18,000 years ago. What a remarkable discovery, isn’t it?
So, that’s all pre-historic sites in Indonesia. Whatever pre-historic site you like, they are all such awesome places to visit. For instance, natural heritage site in Indonesia. You agree?