History of Technology in Indonesia
The development of communications technology is now widespread and can not be limited. Along with these developments more and more people are forgetting the old history. How is the communication process in our beloved country is long ago before any phone or SMS.
Of course we imagine how busy and duration they have to communicate if apart distance. Well, so you can more develop and appreciate the history of our technology, following the history of communication in Indonesia that we need to know. See also history of trade in Indonesia
The development of human civilization is accompanied by the development of the way of delivering information, hereinafter known as information technology.
This information technology ranges from insignificant images on the walls of the cave, the laying of a milestone in the form of inscriptions, until the introduction of a world of information flow known as the internet.
1. Prehistoric period
In this period, human information and communication technology functions as a system for recognizing forms. They illustrated the information obtained, they described it on the walls of the cave about hunting and game animals.
At this time, people began to identified objects that exist around their neighborhood, then paint it on the wall of the cave where they lived. You may read also history of tourism in Bali
The beginning of their communication in that day and age only revolves around the form of a grunted sound and uses hand gestures.
In prehistoric times began to be created and used tools that produce sounds and gestures, such as drums, trumpets made of animal horns, and smoke cues as a means of warning against danger.
The correspondence is apparently the first way to communicate with the first choice. The correspondence has taken place since the time of the kingdom. They use a lot of media to write letters because it’s still hard paper in antiquity.
Media that used is wood, leaves to animal skins. The technology of correspondence grew so much that the Dutch up to and mastered Indonesia. Coupled with the activeness of several post offices that make the correspondence become more fluent. Read also history of puppet in Indonesia
In 1855 became the beginning of the history of the start of the phenomenon of new telegraph technology. Short message senders that can only be used using morse password is very good at that time.
Though the beginning of the telegraph is intended to send messages related to the war that is very secret. Until then telegraph became its own inspiration find teleprinting and telegram that make it easier for people to communicate.
The increasingly widespread telegraph technology makes people’s demand for telegraphs higher. It is the background of the emergence of telephon in Indonesia.
Although the phone has been discovered by alexander graham bell since 1876, in Indonesia itself a new phone is used after 6 years later. And the first location that gets the honor of getting a phone line is Gambir to Batavia. Since then, Indonesian communications has grown to this day.
The Internet in Indonesia originally started in the academic realm and hobby groups. The Internet was first developed by the United States Department of Defense in 1969 as a secret project. As a network, the Internet is simply a technology that connects one computer to another.
Another technology that forms the basis for what we know today as “the Internet” is the World Wide Web (www). Its a global electronic publication medium accessible via the Internet.
This latest technology was discovered only in 1990 by Tim Berners-Lee. The World Wide Web is a medium that allows us to enjoy a variety of content in it such as pictures, photos, videos, newspapers, radio, to television. See also history of buddhism in Bali
In Indonesia, history of the Internet generally refers to the Merlyna Lim dissertation which he maintains at the University of Twente, Belada, @rchipelago Online: The Internet and Political Activism in Indonesia. Lim said, the Internet in Indonesia initially appeared in the academic realm.
The Internet network was originally a research project undertaken by researchers at the University of Indonesia. The first Internet connection in Indonesia was recorded by Joseph Luhukay in 1983 who developed the UINet (University of Indonesia Network) network at the University of Indonesia campus. Indonesia was listed as the first country in Asia connected to the global Internet network when the Luhukay developed UINet is officially connected to the global Internet network. It was still named UUNet in 1984.
Lim also noted, outside the world of campus, Onno Purbo recorded as the most influential figure in the development of Internet network in Indonesia. Together with his friends a hobby of amateur radio activity, Onno developed a computer network over radio frequencies in 1993.
Motivation Onno and his friends at that time was looking for a way to communicate cheaply outside Telkom’s network that time monopolized the telecommunications industry in Indonesia. Onno then published a number of articles on how to build a cheap telecommunications network over the Internet.
Furthermore, the development of the Internet in Indonesia which was originally a research and hobby activity shifted to the commercial sphere when PT Indo Internet (Indonet) stood as the first Internet Service Provider (ISP) in Indonesia in September 1994. After Indonet, until the end of 1990 stood a number of ISPs between PT Rahardjasa Internet (Radnet) (1995), Wasantara Network developed by PT Pos Indonesia (1996), IndosatNet (1996), and Telkomnet (1998).
In 1998, according to APJII (Association of Indonesian Internet Service Providers) data of ISP customers throughout Indonesia was recorded at only 138,000 subscribers with an estimated 512,000 Internet users.
However, the emergence of a number of ISPs is not a significant factor that makes the Internet widespread in Indonesia.
The reason is that ISPs are only accessible to certain social groups in the community who own a computer and are able to pay the phone credit bill.
According to Lim, an important actor of Internet access deployment in the early years of Internet development in Indonesia was the widespread “internet cafe” in 1996.