Brief History of Tourism in Bali
Tourism Bali is very well known both in Indonesia and abroad.
This resulted in almost the majority of the population of Bali, a livelihood for their lives, engaged in tourism. Such as hotel employees, restaurant employees, tour guides, traders in the art market, craftsmen and many others.
Tourism in Bali is growing rapidly because, this island has a diverse tourist attraction. Various attractions that include tourist attractions of Bali, traditional arts, customs, traditional Balinese architecture and of course tropical nature. See also Best Places to Rafting in Bali
History of Tourism in Bali
The start of the familiar island of Bali by the west, tells a long history story. This history also influences the development of Bali tourism.
The main thing that makes Bali island famous for tourism, certainly not because of beaches, mountains and other natural charm. But its because of the value of aesthetic, cultural arts based on Hinduism, and the nature of flexibility and tolerance of the Balinese. Let us consider the development of Bali tourism from time to time. You can read also Best Places to Breakfast in Bali
The arrival of the Netherlands
History of tourism in Bali began since the arrival of Dutch sailors on the Bali island in 1597. Captain of the ship from Belada sailor named Cornelius Houtman. This year the Balinese first made contact with Europeans.
When Cornelius Houtman wanted to leave Bali island, many of the ship crews did not want to leave. They are very interested and fascinated by the prosperity and art of Balinese culture.
When the Dutch returned to Bali in the next few years, the Dutch were no longer interested in Balinese art and culture. But the Dutch are more interested in making a profit by exploiting the Balinese.
In 1710 there was an upheaval in the kingdom of Bali which was controlled by Gelgel kingdom located in Klungkung regency. This upheaval made the Gelgel Kingdom palace moved to the north and named Semarapura.
Many of the small kingdoms in Bali are dissatisfied with the reign of the Semarapura kingdom. Making a lot of small kingdoms in Bali want to make self-government, by separating themselves from the kingdom of Semarapura.
This situation is seen by the Dutch as a great opportunity to master Bali, by dividing the unity of the Balinese. The Sasak tribe on the Lombok island was part of the Balinese kingdom, and the Dutch made the Sasak Lombok tribe to separate themselves from the Balinese kingdom by means of rebellion. Read also Best Places for Party in Bali
Battle between Bali’s royal forces in Lombok against the Sasak tribe can not be avoided. Because the Balinese kingdom has been divided then the defeat of the rebellious Sasak tribe can not be avoided. The Dutch had also controlled the northern island of Bali, which made the Balinese kingdom in the south, just waiting for time to be conquered by the Dutch.
In 1904, there was a dispute between the Balinese and the Chinese merchants. There was a vandalism of Chinese vessels on the coast of Sanur Badung. The Dutch demanded the king of Badung to redeem the damage from the Chinese ship but was rejected by the king of Badung.
In 1906, Dutch warships landed on the coast of Sanur and precisely on 20 September 1906 the great war was inevitable. Armament equipment from the more modern Netherlands, making the royal troops of Badung have lost. Badung kingdom troops who lost the war and then arrested by the Dutch and in foreign.
The defeat of the war against the Dutch is a shame for the King of Badung. So war bellows (war to death) done by the king of Badung. This battle incident is now known as the puputan Badung.
The Dutch also attacked the kingdom of Tabanan and the kingdom of Klungkung and belligerent war is also inevitable. The kingdom who did not make war bellows and surrendered is the kingdom of Gianyar and the Kingdom of Karangasem. Therefore King Gianyar and King Karanagsem were allowed by the Dutch to retain their power under conditions under Dutch control.
With the end of belligerent war, then all the areas on the island of Bali became the territory of the Dutch. You may read also History of Bali Dance
War bellows committed by the people of Bali, managed to tarnish the Dutch reputation in the international world. To make amends, the Dutch did not engage in a forced cultivation system on the island of Bali, instead promoting the island of Bali to the international world. Well, this is where the beginning of the development of the island of Bali into a place of tourism.
The development of Bali tourism starts from the number of foreign artists who choose to settle in the tourist area of Ubud to pursue their art. Artwork from foreign artists who settled in Ubud, directly promote the island of Bali as an exotic place to visit.
Water Sports Tour
Water sport tour is the one of history of tourism in Bali. The rapid development of Bali tourism occurred in the 70s. When surfers find a lot of waves on the island of Bali is very good used for surfing. These surfers indirectly promoted the tourism of the island of Bali in the 1970s.
In addition to white sand beaches, tropical island of Bali includes mountains, hills, terraced rice fields, seafloor, and rivers all offer unique and distinctive features. Therefore, so many international media that mention Bali as a tropical tourist destination.
In addition to surfing on the beach, the activities of Bali water sports such as Parasailing, Jet Ski and Banana Boat become the special attraction for tourists. The biggest water sports activity in Bali is on Tanjung Benoa beach. Every day Tanjung Benoa beach, crowded by tourists to play Bali water sport.
In addition to water sports in Tanjung Benoa, water sports are also often sought by foreign tourists and domestic tourists is the activity of Bali rafting. For rafting in Bali the river used is Ayung river and rafting in Telaga Waja river. Read also Best Foods to Eat in Bali
Bali Tourism Support Facilities
Currently so many hotels, villas, resorts, bungalows and home stay located on the island of Bali. Places to eat also experience developments on the island of Bali, all provided to accommodate the tourists who vacation in Bali. Tourism in Bali also provides a lot of services Bali cheap tour, for those of you who want a vacation to a tourist attraction in Bali.
But the most decisive factor of the development of Bali tourism is the safety factor. Everyone will definitely not want to take a vacation to a place that does not provide a sense of security. Bali has several times entered the travel warning of developed countries, such as, the United States and Australia. But fortunately now, the travel warning has been pulled and the island of Bali, can still say the safest tourist spot in Indonesia.