Indonesia is a state of law but beside state law, customary law also exists in Indonesia. Justice is very expensive therefore some law suits are nominated as unusual and unfair. Also, The amount of Indonesian tribes from Sabang until Merauke is countless and most of them still retain their customs and traditions which differ from each other.
Just like state law, customary law is also made to regulate the people. Among those customary laws there are rules and punishment that can be considered as strange or unusual laws. Some of these customary laws are still applicable in the society meanwhile the rest are not implemented anymore. More details about the unusual laws in Indonesia will be explained below.
1. Beheaded Law in Naulu
The Naulu tribe is people who live in Maluku region, Indonesia. They still carry faith that passed down from their ancestors. They believe that ancestral spirits watch their movements and the ancestral spirits take the full control over the people.
Generally someone who will get married will choose the best dowry such as jewelry, money, or other valuable things. But the best dowry according to the Naulu people is the human head. This tradition is included as Unusual Traditions in Indonesia.
The customary law of the Naulu tribe that a man who wishes to marry a woman should give a dowry in the form of a human head. Not only for the dowry purposes, the Naulu people also offer human heads in the ritual cleaning the traditional house from all calamities and dangers.
2. Iki Palek
Every human being must have felt the sadness of one’s death especially if the one who died is family. For the Dani Tribe, if any of his family members died that would mean losing one part of his body. The selected body part is the fingers.
When one of his family dies, whether it be a husband, a parent or a child, the Dani tribe must cut off his finger as a form of grief and sadness.
The implicit meaning contained in the tradition shows that the finger is a symbol of harmony and if it loses one of them then the hand will not function optimally as usual. Iki palek law only applied to women.
3. Paraded Around the Island
Stealing is a criminal offense and the culprit will usually end up in jail. In Gili Trawangan when someone stole someone else’s belonging, the culprit not only imposed criminal law but the culprit must also be prepared to be adhered to customary law. Must also be prepared to be adhered to customary law.
Although Gili Trawangan is one of the popular tourist destinations today, it does not necessarily make people forget the customs derived from his ancestors.
The customary law for theft is to make the culprit paraded around the island with “I am a thief” written on the name tag.
This strange law also comes from the Naulu Tribe. The people of Naulu tribe is lack of education and knowledge therefore the people of Naulu still practice the customs that are inhumane.
Today the custom of offering human heads may have been abandoned.
However, there are still other customs that is unusual too such as the law to exile the pregnant woman.
The men will make a 2 x 3 meter hut that equipped with a 1 x 2 meter bed. The huts were called Tikusune. The objection of this law is to protect the pregnant woman but they do it in an unique and unusual way. Read more about Famous Tribes in Indonesia
5. Head-Shaving for Environment Destroyer
This unusual law has been implemented recently by people live in Ngadirejo Village, Magelang region. The people has high environmental awareness therefore they implement this law recently.
The people in this region is very dependent on Tangsi river as the main source for irrigation but the water has been polluted recently.
Started from January 3rd 2016, the local people implemented an unusual customary law to protect Tangsi river. Those who was found out throwing rubbish or contaminating river will be shaved until bald. Besides, the culprit will be arrested by the police to run the legal process.
6. Balinese Law
Different with other laws, Balinese unusual law is related with heritage.
According to Balinese law, the boys are heirs of their families meanwhile girls’ right is to enjoy the heritage that her husband got from his parents.
This law is implemented due to the fact that boys are considered as the one who has big responsible for his family.
There was modification towards this unusual law in 2010 whereas the daughter deserve to receive 1/3 parts of the whole heritage. Read more about Traditional Balinese Dance
7. Imprisoned For Selling Corn Seed
This case happened to two ordinary men named Tukirin and Kuncoro from Kediri East Java. They are 2 seed farmers who try to sell hybrid corn seeds. But unfortunately, their efforts dragged them to jail.
Kuncoro is violated articles 60 and 61 of Law 12/1992 on Plant Cultivation Systems, and was jailed in January 2010.
They are decided guilty because their seeds and crops are not tested in the laboratory first, and they do not have licenses like the BISI brand. Farmers have their own corn seed in every area, but because of this Act the farmer must obtain permission.
8. Jailed because Making TV
A man named Mumahad Kusrin from Central Java has to deal with Indonesian law due to his intelligence and his expertise in the electronics field. He is an elementary school graduate who often makes 14-inch and 17-inch TVs from unused computer monitors in his workshop.
His creativity forced him to deal with Article 120 paragraph 1 of the Law of the Republic of Indonesia number 3 of 2014 on the industry.
He was sentenced to 6 months in prison and fined 2.5 million rupiah. He was considered to have violated the article, because all the TVs he made did not have official permission.
- Imprisoned for Cutting His Own Tree: An old grand mother from Situbondo was sentenced to 1 year imprisonment for violating Article 12 juncto Article 83 Law (Act) of 2013 on Illegal Logging. She was accused of harvesting Perhutani’s timber whereas the ownership of the tree belongs to her. Read more about Cultural Barriers in Indonesia
- Imprisoned for Stealing Slippers: A High School student found a pair of slippers on the edge of Zebra Street, Palu. He is accused of stealing slippers which belongs to a Police Mobile Brigade member and he was threatened 5 years imprisonment.
Those are the 10 unusual and unique state and customary laws that exist in Indonesia. Some may look injustice, unfair, creepy, stiff, or even inhumane but they do exist and happened in Indonesia.