Haven’t you heard about the Islamic kingdom in Indonesia? The ancient Islamic kingdom in Indonesia is already existed for many decades ago. As part of the Islamic development in Indonesia, the kingdom gave the most changes in Indonesian history.
As we know, Islam becomes the biggest religion in Indonesia which makes it so popular all around the world. Many Indonesian Muslims believe that the ancient Islamic kingdom in Indonesia gave the most influence on the way they perceived the religion in common, including bringing the most inspiring Indonesian women.
But, is there any of you heard about those fabulous ancient Islamic kingdoms in Indonesia? Here we have some of them on the list below. Now check them out!
1. The Perlak Kingdom
Perlak kingdom is one of the ancient Islamic kingdoms in Indonesia that becomes the oldest Islamic kingdom. It was existed from around 840 to 1292, which located around the Peureulak regency in East Aceh that brings so many rules of the Islamic law to Indonesia.
Perlak kingdom is popular with the wood industry, which used to become the main material for making the ship. They even produce so many wood materials that make so many foreign sellers from Gujarat, Arabia, and Persia interested to come there.
History believes that those foreign sellers spread Islam to the kingdom, which makes so many people follow the religion. The marriage assimilation of the women in the Perlak kingdom makes Islam easier to be a permanent religion since then.
2. The Ternate Kingdom
Ternate kingdom is one of the ancient Islamic kingdoms in Indonesia that exist around the year 1257. It was established by Sultan Marhum that leads the kingdom around Maluku Island.
Ternate kingdom is popular as the oldest Islamic kingdom in Indonesia. It has the richest Indonesian spices and herbs that make the kingdom well-known all around the world in Europe. Some of the proven kingdom buildings of the Ternate kingdom nowadays become one of the spiritual places that must visit during Ramadhan.
Not only good in spices and herbs, but the Ternate kingdom also has the strongest military system at that time compared to other ancient Islamic kingdoms in Indonesia.
3. Samudera Pasai Kingdom
Samudera Pasai kingdom is one of the ancient Islamic kingdoms in Indonesia that existed around 1267 – 1521. The kingdom is popular among Samudera Psai Sultanate as the biggest Islamic kingdom capable to conquer so many areas in Malaysia and Singapore.
Samudera Pasai is well-known for its spices and herbs, with peppers as their main commodity to trade. The kingdom used the first gold money to trade as the valid money at that time which it calls the Dirham money.
Samudera Pasai kingdom is located around the north Aceh of the Lhokseumawe regency. Sultan Malik At-Tahir becomes the key person in the glory of the kingdom at that time. The kingdom also becomes the first influenced kingdom that bring inspiration for some unique mosque designs in Indonesia.
4. The Gowa Kingdom
Gowa kingdom is one of the ancient Islamic kingdoms in Indonesia that existed from around 1300 to 1945. The kingdom is located around the South Sulawesi, which is commonly lived by the Makassar tribe.
Gowa kingdom has the biggest Indonesian spices and herbs commodity to trade. The kingdom is also popular with the expert in making the ship. The Pinishi ship is one of the most popular first ships in Indonesia that was made by the people from the Gowa kingdom.
5. Kesultanan Malaka Kingdom
Kesultanan Malaka kingdom is one of the ancient kingdoms in Indonesia that existed around 1405-1511. It is located around the Melaka tribe area, which makes the kingdom popular as the Melaka kingdom.
Kesultanan Malaka kingdom is popular with the great capability of the maritime army. They also make a trade from their farming land that makes the kingdom as popular as Samudera Pasai.
Kesultanan Malaka kingdom is popular for their first time to struggle with Portuguese invasion. That makes the biggest sign of the ancient Islamic kingdom in Indonesia struggle the fight against the Portuguese and other European country’s invasion.
6. The Cirebon Islamic Kingdom
Cirebon Islamic kingdom is one of the ancient Islamic kingdoms in Indonesia that existed from around 1430 to 1677. The kingdom is located around the Cirebon regency in West Java. The kingdom becomes the pioneer in spreading the Islamic religion through the Javanese islands.
Cirebon Islamic kingdom is popular with its strategic location as a trading and maritime center. Some oldest buildings of the kingdom have still existed now in the Cirebon area as the real evidence of the kingdom’s existence.
7. The Demak Kingdom
Demak kingdom is one of the ancient Islamic kingdoms in Indonesia that existed around 1478 – 1554. The kingdom is one of the biggest Islamic kingdoms on Java Island, led by Raden Patah around the Demak regency in Central Java.
Demak kingdom effortlessly spreads Islamic religion through the most popular Wali Songo. It consists of the nine people from the Demak kingdom that spread the religion in most of the Indonesian regions.
8. The Banten Islamic Kingdom
Banten Islamic kingdom is one of the ancient Islamic kingdoms in Indonesia that existed from around 1526 to 1813. It has its first Sultan of the Sultan Maulana Hasanudin that becomes an important person who spreads Islam to the nations.
Banten Islamic kingdom is the popular Islamic kingdom that struggles with the sly trade system that comes from the VOC of Dutch colonialism. They monopolized the trade terribly which make the Bantenese tribe of the Banten kingdom suffer a lot.
So, some fabulous ancient Islamic kingdoms in Indonesia existed up to 18 BC. Those kingdoms left so much proof, such as buildings, mosques, cultures, and traditions.
Have you ever visited one of those kingdoms trace around those areas? Which one becomes your favorite?